city ranking: 2023 FOCUSED edition

THE STATE OF SHARED & ZERO-EMISSION MOBILITY IN EUROPEAN CITIES

In the race to cleaner transport, it’s no secret that we need to phase out polluting cars. To do that, cities must provide residents with clean, affordable transport options. These include shared bikes and scooters, zero-emission buses and shared electric cars and charging infrastructure.

In 2023, we tested 42 European cities to see who's speeding ahead when it comes to shared and electric mobility. Scroll down to find your city and use the "Share" buttons to ask them to do more!

Legend

Shared bikes and e-scooters

Score based on the number of shared e-scooters and (e-)bikes available per 1,000 inhabitants. Data reflects the situation in Q1 2023.

Shared electric cars

Score based on the number of shared electric cars available per 1,000 inhabitants. Data reflects the situation in Q1 2023.

Zero-emission buses

Score based on the share of the city's urban bus fleet that is zero-emission. Data provided by cities and operators ranges from 2021 to 2023.

EV charging infrastructure

Score based on publicly available charging power per 1,000 inhabitants. Data reflects the situation in January 2023.

#

City

Country

Total
Score

Grade

Shared bikes and e-scooters

Shared
electric cars

Zero-emission
buses

EV charging infrastructure

Share with
your mayor

1
Copenhagen
Denmark
87%
A
73%
100%
73%
100%
2
Oslo
Norway
81%
A
60%
81%
84%
100%
3
Paris*
France
70%
B
100%
65%
50%
63%
4
Amsterdam
Netherlands
68%
B
24%
100%
49%
100%
5
Hamburg
Germany
67%
B
74%
76%
38%
81%
6
Helsinki
Finland
63%
B
100%
22%
68%
60%
7
Milan
Italy
58%
C
75%
47%
71%
38%
8
Lyon
France
52%
C
85%
50%
42%
30%
9
Ljubljana
Slovenia
51%
C
26%
100%
0%
78%
10
Lisbon
Portugal
50%
C
100%
0%
6%
93%
11
Brussels*
Belgium
50%
C
100%
31%
12%
55%
12
Antwerp
Belgium
48%
C
63%
28%
2%
100%
13
Berlin
Germany
47%
C
65%
61%
26%
37%
14
Cologne
Germany
47%
C
77%
26%
39%
46%
15
Munich
Germany
47%
C
71%
37%
8%
70%
16
Turin
Italy
41%
C
50%
24%
34%
55%
17
Budapest
Hungary
40%
D
38%
35%
28%
57%
18
Ghent
Belgium
39%
D
22%
31%
3%
100%
19
Stockholm
Sweden
38%
D
52%
36%
4%
61%
20
Sofia
Bulgaria
36%
D
5%
48%
68%
22%
21
Strasbourg
France
35%
D
16%
22%
56%
44%
22
Madrid*
Spain
33%
D
16%
59%
26%
32%
23
Tri-city*
Poland
32%
D
50%
0%
61%
17%
24
Greater London
United Kingdom
31%
D
17%
5%
53%
50%
25
Glasgow
United Kingdom
30%
D
6%
3%
64%
45%
26
Krakow
Poland
29%
D
57%
12%
33%
13%
27
Warsaw
Poland
29%
D
64%
10%
27%
13%
28
Rome
Italy
26%
D
37%
15%
11%
41%
29
Marseille
France
25%
D
47%
22%
3%
27%
30
Prague
Czech Republic
21%
D
27%
18%
0%
40%
31
Bucharest
Romania
21%
D
21%
23%
32%
8%
32
Barcelona*
Spain
21%
D
29%
1%
19%
33%
33
Vienna
Austria
19%
E
18%
6%
7%
46%
34
Naples
Italy
16%
E
13%
9%
30%
13%
35
Bilbao
Spain
15%
E
9%
0%
23%
27%
36
Liège
Belgium
15%
E
33%
0%
0%
26%
37
Valencia
Spain
13%
E
15%
1%
11%
26%
38
Edinburgh
United Kingdom
12%
E
0%
5%
6%
38%
39
Birmingham
United Kingdom
12%
E
7%
0%
8%
32%
40
Granada
Spain
10%
E
11%
0%
8%
22%
41
Dublin
Ireland
9%
F
17%
2%
0%
16%
42
Greater Manchester*
United Kingdom
8%
F
4%
0%
5%
24%

Some expected changes

For the following cities (highlighted in the table with *), major changes have been announced/confirmed but not yet fully implemented. The expected revised overall scores are as follows:

Paris: ▼ 60.8% – Ban on shared e-scooters expected to come into force by September 2023
Madrid: ▲ 35.3% – New BiciMad e-bike scheme with up to 7,500 bikes
Brussels: ▼ 39.5% – Introducing a cap of 8,000 e-scooters in 2024
Barcelona: ▲ 21.8% – Planned addition of up to 2,500 e-bikes in 2023
Tri-City: ▲ 38.5% – 3,000 e-bikes and 1,000 bikes deployed in May/June 2023
Greater Manchester: ▲ 14.5%  Expected delivery of electric buses in 2023 following reinstated local control of buses starting in September 2023

read the full research

Looking for the full results, analysis and research methodology? Download our full briefing on the state of shared and zero-emission mobility and the technical report now!

Help us spread the word

Download the materials below and post them on social media using the #CityRanking hashtag – don’t forget to tag your city leaders!

This publication has been made possible thanks to the financial support of Allianz Foundation

Allianz Foundation logo - black

Allianz Foundation

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